Education Procurement in Denmark
Legislation of EducationMore information
|Organization responsible for education||Role of the organization||Website|
|Ministry of Children, Gender Equality, Integration and Social Affairs||Responsible for Early Childhood Education and Care||https://sim.dk|
|Ministry of children and Education||Responsible for compulsory and post-compulsory education. It establishes goals and content.||https://eng.uvm.dk|
|Ministry of Higher Education and Science||Responsible for higher education||https://ufm.dk/en/the-
|National Agency for Education and Quality||Part of the Ministry of Education. Responsible for:
|Danish Evaluation Institute||Implements officially commissioned and independent evaluations.||www.eva.dk|
|Denmark School District
Board of Education
|Schools||They have high autonomy as the implementation of education policy is the responsibility of local governments, school leaders and teachers. They have to implement nationally determined strategies at the school level.
In every school, a school board is formed containing elected parents, teachers and student representatives. This school board implements education policies within the central and municipal framework.
In private schools the school board is elected by parents and has more responsibility to monitor school quality.
|Post-compulsory education institutions||They are self-governing and have the right to develop educational opportunities and pedagogy.|
|Other stakeholders: Local Government Denmark, private school organisations, Confederation of Danish employers, Danish Union of Teachers, associations of school leaders, students and parents|
|Schools at lower secondary level make 44% of the decisions concerning their operation. 34% of the decisions are made by the local government while 22% are made by the central or state government.|
OECD: Education Policy Outlook – Denmark, 2014
European Commission / EACEA National Policies Platform / Eurydice / Denmark Overview:
Funding of educationMore information
|The majority of expenditure on educational institutions is financed from public sources. Funds are provided to both public and private schools depending on the number of students. The aim is to reach similar funding to both types of schools taking into consideration that parents have to pay the fees for private schools, that means a considerable income for them.
Most students attend public schools, and the municipalities are spending a larger share on education than in most OECD countries.
In case of upper secondary schools, funding by the central government is based on the number of students enrolled in the particular school.
The number of grants also depends on student activity.
Public expenditure on education ISCED (2011) (million EUR)More information
|Year||Primary education||Lower secondary education||Upper secondary education||Total|
Source: Eurostat (online data codes: educ_uoe_fine01)
Expenditure on educational institutions ISCED (2011) (Million EUR)More information
|Year||Expenditure||Primary education||Lower secondary education||Upper secondary education||Total|
|2012||Current expenditure||4 773,0||2 655,1||2 912,7||10 340,8|
|Total||5 295,5||2 879,8||3 079,4||11 254,7|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||9,9||7,8||5,4||8,1|
|2013||Current expenditure||4 783,4||2 658,3||2 871,7||10 313,4|
|Total||5 282,4||2 872,3||3 112,5||11 267,2|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||9,4||7,5||7,7||8,5|
|2014||Current expenditure||4 790,4||2 659,4||2 872,9||10 322,7|
|Total||5 289,6||2 873,5||3 113,8||11 276,9|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||9,4||7,5||7,7||8,5|
Source: Eurostat (online data code: educ_uoe_fini01)
Investment plan for education / ICT in educationMore information
The procurement of technology and software takes place in each school, and there are no compiled statistics on how much each school uses for these reasons.
Procurement ProcedureMore information
Public procurement system is quite decentralized, however there is considerable control
built in the system. Procurement is conducted primarily at the local level, whereas the central government and the regions have a lower share of procurement. Each contracting authority is responsible for their own procurement, but they can make use of framework contracts managed by the central purchasing body SKI.
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority: Responsible for
- the monitoring of the markets in terms of competition
- the operation of the public procurement system
Its main functions:
- to support bidders understanding the legislation, rules and guidance
- to hear complaints in the early stage and if it is needed it brings these complaints in front of the Complaints Boards. Decision of the Complaints Board can be appealed to the ordinary courts.
- to perform reviews in terms of compliance
- to report violations if any
- to operate the online portal for e-notification of public procurement
SKI: Publicly-owned body (55% Danish Ministry of Finance, 45% Association of Local Authorities of Denmark) which is the central purchasing body. Its tasks:
- issues framework agreements that are open on a voluntary basis to all levels of government
- manages framework agreements regarding 15 product categories
Its main clients are the municipalities.
The Modernisation Agency within the Ministry of Finance is another central purchasing body which is responsible for laws, policy, monitoring and compliance regarding public procurement. The procurement via the framework agreements of the Modernisation Agency is mandatory for all state agencies. For other public bodies it’s just a possibility.
Court of Auditors is the main oversight body. It reports its findings to the Parliament regarding the efficiency, effectiveness of the purchase using public funds and compliance with policy objectives. The work of the Court of Auditors is evaluated by external experts.